Chillies are grown throughout the world and are used to add flavour and heat to many dishes. Dried chillies taste rather different to the fresh variety due to the caramelisation of the sugars that occurs during the drying process. They are used widely in Mexican, Asian, Indian and Italian dishes.
Chillies, originating in Mexico are now grown throughout the world and are used to add flavour and heat to many dishes. India has now taken over as the world's biggest producer, consumer and exporter of chilli peppers. Guntur, in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, produces 30% of all the chillies produced in India. Andhra Pradesh as a whole contributes 75% of India's chilli exports. Dried chillies crushed taste rather different from the fresh variety due to the caramelisation of the sugars that occurs during the drying process. The heat imparted from the chillies is solely dependent on the amount one chooses to add to the dish.
Medically, Capsaicin is considered a safe and effective topical analgesic agent in the management of arthritis pain, diabetic neuropathy, mastectomy pain, and headaches. Capsaicin can also be extracted from chillies and used in pepper spray as an irritant, a form of less-lethal weapon. All chillies contain capsaicin which is known to have many health benefits including boosting the immune system, eliminating inflammation and aiding in weight loss.
Traditionally used in Korea for making Kimchi (a fermented cabbage condiment), Korean Chilli Flakes, also called Gochugaru, have a warm, fruity flavour. They are mild in heat, so make a great chilli seasoning option in place of regular hot chilli flakes. Whether used in cooking or sprinkled on top to season dishes, these flakes add a fruity chilli flavour to any savoury dish – both meat veg.
Cassia sticks are closely related to cinnamon. The sticks have a reddish brown colour and a warm, mild and sweet flavour, though it is significantly stronger than cinnamon. It is widely used in the United States.
Sichuan Pepper is an oriental fruit grown on a small ash tree native to the Sichuan province of China. Even though it is called pepper, it is not a true pepper and is not related to black peppercorns, which are from India. The berries have a warm peppery fragrance, with citrus notes & a clean fresh aftertaste leaving a slightly numbing sensation on the tongue. It is the outer husk that has all the flavour, the internal hard black seed is edible but can add a bitter taste. It is a key ingredient in Chinese cuisine and used in some Asian recipes. It is used in our chilli sichuan salt and calamari salt and pepper blends.
Chipotle (chip-oat-lay) peppers are smoked, dried Jalapeño chillies. They appeared when the Aztecs used to add dried chilli to food as a preservation method. They have a rich smokey flavour, with nutty, leathery notes that blend well with strong flavours. Chipotle flavouring is widely used throughout Mexico, the United States and more recently in Australia. It can be used in soups, stews and casseroles. It also has a variety of health benefits to defend against intestinal diseases and aid in weight loss.
Coriander, also known as cilantro, is an incredibly popular herb due to its versatility in a variety of cuisines. The leaves impart a fresh sweet lemony taste which counters the heat of many Asian and Indian dishes. The leaves are usually associated with Asian food especially in Thai and Indian cuisine as well as being popular in Mexican, Spanish and Portuguese cooking.
Black Pepper is picked from the flowering vine of the peppercorn plant and is the most pungent and flavoursome variety of Pepper. Black peppercorns are picked green and then dried to 12% moisture content. When ground, its grey in colour as the seed inside is white. It has a woody flavour with a spicy heat and it is used in all cultures and types of cuisine especially in Moroccan and Middle East cooking. Pepper is used in all cultures and all types of cuisine. Also, it is known for improving digestion.